Number of workers in the U.S. paid less than the minimum wage 1979-2018

This statistic displays the number of wage and salary workers in the United States paid hourly rates below the prevailing Federal minimum wage from 1979 to 2018. In 2018, about 1.28 million workers were paid hourly rates below the official minimum wage.

Number of wage and salary workers in the United States paid hourly rates below the prevailing Federal minimum wage from 1979 to 2018

Number of workers in thousands
20181,276
20171,282
20161,451
20151,691
20141,737
20131,768
20121,984
20112,152
20102,541
20092,592
20081,940
20071,462
20061,283
20051,403
20041,483
20031,555
20021,579
20011,518
20001,752
19992,194
19982,834
19972,990
19961,863
19951,699
19941,995
19931,707
19921,939
19912,377
19902,132
19891,372
19881,319
19871,468
19861,599
19851,639
19841,838
19832,077
19822,348
19813,513
19803,087
19792,916
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Sources

Release date

November 2019

Region

United States

Survey time period

1979 to 2018

Age group

16 years and over

Supplementary notes

The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $2.90 in 1979, $3.10 in 1980, and $3.35 in 1981–89. The minimum wage rose to $3.80 in April 1990, to $4.25 in April 1991, to $4.75 in October 1996, to $5.15 in September 1997, to $5.85 in July 2007, to $6.55 in July 2008, and to $7.25 in July 2009. In 2018, the prevailing federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour.

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Statistics on "Minimum Wage in the United States"

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