U.S. bioscience employment by subsector 2016

This table shows employment within the four bioscience subsectors in the United States in 2016. In that year, exactly 299,113 persons were employed in the drugs and pharmaceuticals subsector within U.S. bioscience.

U.S. bioscience

In 2016, the research, testing, and medical laboratories subsector within the biosciences industry in the United States totaled almost 548 thousand employees and around 470 thousand employees in the bioscience-related distribution subsectors. In total, the biosciences industry employs some 1.7 million people in the United States. Among companies from the United States, Amgen and CSL are among the largest employers globally with around 18,000 and 10,500 employees, respectively. Amgen was founded in 1980 and headquartered in California. One of its largest selling products is Enbrel, a pharmaceutical product that is used to treat autoimmune diseases and rheumatoid arthritis.

Employment in the agrochemical industry and the health and medical industries are also quite prominent in the biosciences industry. About 14 states have a strong focus on agricultural feedstock and chemicals and the number of jobs in this sector have remained relatively stable since 2011. The bioscience industry is sustainable on a long-term, especially with the establishment of high paying jobs that arise from new technological innovations in agriculture, medicine, and energy.

U.S. bioscience employment in 2016, by subsector

Number of employees
Agricultural feedstock
& chemicals
Drugs & pharmaceuticals299,113
Medical devices
& equipment
Research, testing,
& medical laboratories
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Release date

June 2018


United States

Survey time period


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