Number of Black single mothers in the U.S. 1990-2018

In 2018, there were about 4.04 million Black families in the United States with a single mother. This is an increase from 1990 levels, when there were about 3.4 million Black families with a single mother.

Single parenthood

The typical family is comprised of two parents and at least one child. However, that is not the case in every single situation. A single parent is someone who has a child but no spouse or partner. Single parenthood occurs for different reasons, including divorce, death, abandonment, or single-person adoption. Historically, single parenthood was common due to mortality rates due to war, diseases, and maternal mortality. However, divorce was not as common back then, depending on the culture.

Single parent wellbeing

In countries where social welfare programs are not strong, single parents tend to suffer more financially, emotionally, and mentally. In the United States, most single parents are mothers. The struggles that single parents face are greater than those in two parent households. The number of families with a single mother in the United States has increased since 1990, but the poverty rate of black families with a single mother has significantly decreased since that same year. In comparison, the poverty rate of Asian families with a single mother, and the percentage of white, non-Hispanic families with a single mother who live below the poverty level in the United States have both been fluctuating since 2002.

Number of Black families with a single mother in the United States from 1990 to 2018

Number of Black families in thousands
20184,035
20174,256
20164,213
20154,388
20144,289
20134,145
20124,300
20114,338
20104,387
20094,152
20084,161
20074,138
20064,050
20054,117
20043,995
20033,986
20024,003
20013,838
20003,785
19993,797
19983,813
19973,926
19963,947
19953,769
19943,716
19933,828
19923,738
19913,582
19903,430
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Sources

Release date

August 2019

Region

United States

Survey time period

1990 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Female householder, no spouse present - with and without children under 18 years.

The Census Bureau defines a family as follows: "A family is a group of two people or more (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family."
Black alone - With and without children under 18 years.
Further information regarding the poverty threshold can be accessed here.

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Statistics on "Single Parents in the U.S."

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