Minimum wages in the United States, by state 2020

How much is minimum wage?

The federally mandated minimum wage in the United States is 7.25 U.S. dollars per hour, although the minimum wage varies from state to state. As of January 1, 2020, the District of Columbia had the highest minimum wage in the U.S., at 14 U.S. dollars per hour. This was followed by Washington state, which had 13.5 U.S. dollars per hour as the state minimum wage.

Minimum wage workers

Minimum wage jobs are traditionally seen as “starter jobs” in the U.S., or first jobs for teenagers and young adults, and the number of people working minimum wage jobs has decreased from almost four million in 1979 to about 434,000 in 2018. However, the number of workers earning less than minimum wage in 2018 was significantly higher, at almost 1.3 million.

Minimum wage jobs

Minimum wage jobs are primarily found in food preparation and serving occupations, as well as sales jobs (primarily in retail). Because minimum wage has not increased with inflation, and because the federal minimum wage has not been raised since 2009, it is becoming harder and harder for minimum wage workers to afford essential things like rent with one minimum wage job.

State minimum wage rates in the United States as of January 1, 2020, by state

Minimum wage in U.S. dollars
Alaska10.19
Arizona12
Arkansas10
California*13
Colorado12
Connecticut11
Delaware9.25
District of Columbia14
Florida8.56
Georgia**5.15
Hawaii10.1
Idaho7.25
Illinois9.25
Indiana7.25
Iowa7.25
Kansas7.25
Kentucky7.25
Maine12
Maryland11
Massachusetts12.75
Michigan9.65
Minnesota***10
Missouri9.45
Montana****8.65
Nebraska9
Nevada*****8.25
New Hampshire7.25
New Jersey11
New Mexico9
New York******11.8
North Carolina7.25
North Dakota7.25
Ohio*******8.7
Oklahoma********7.25
Oregon11.25
Pennsylvania7.25
Rhode Island10.5
South Dakota9.3
Texas7.25
Utah7.25
Vermont10.96
Virginia7.25
Washington13.5
West Virginia8.75
Wisconsin7.25
Wyoming5.15
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Source

Release date

January 2020

Region

United States

Survey time period

January 1, 2020

Supplementary notes

Alabama, Tennessee, South Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisiana do not have a state minimum wage law.
*In California, there are two minimum wage rates. Employers with 25 employees or less pay $12 per hour, and employers with 26 employees or more pay $13 per hour.
**In Georgia, the minimum wage for employers of six or more employees is $5.15 per hour, although employers subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act must pay the federally mandated minimum of $7.25 per hour.
***In Minnesota there are two minimum wage rates. The rate for large employers (annual receipts of more than $500,000) is $10. For employers with enterprises smaller than this the rate is $8.15.
**** In Montana, businesses with gross annual sales of less than $110,000 may pay a minimum wage of $4.00 per hour.
*****In Nevada, the rate for employees who no health insurance benefits provided by the employer is $8.25 per hour. The rate with health insurance provided by the employer is $7.25 per hour.
******In New York, the statewide minimum wage is $11.80 per hour. For Long Island and Westchester, the rate is $13.00 per hour, and in New York City, the rate is $15.00 per hour.
*******In Ohio, businesses with gross annual sales of less than $305,000 may pay a minimum wage of $7.25 per hour.
********In Oklahoma, businesses with gross annual sales of less than $100,000 or businesses with less than 10 employees may pay a minimum wage of $2.00 per hour.

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Statistics on "Minimum Wage in the United States"

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