Natural gas consumption in the EU in cubic meters 1998-2018

The consumption of natural gas in the European Union has fluctuated slightly since 1998. It increased to a peak of 521 billion cubic meters in 2010, but by 2014 had fallen to a low of 401.7. However, 2018 saw the third consecutive year of consumption growth and amounted to 458.5 billion cubic meters. From 2010 to 2017, natural gas consumption in the EU was only lower than oil consumption, despite the overall decrease.

Production of natural gas in decline

Although the consumption of natural gas is expected to increase across the region, production in the EU has fallen significantly over the past two decades. In 1998, production amounted to 233.5 billion cubic meters, but by 2017 had fallen by approximately half.

EU reliant on Russian exports

  With the production of natural gas in decline, the EU is expected to become more reliant on international imports. Overall, there was a 12 percent increase of imports in 2017 when compared to 2016. Currently, the main exporter of gas to the EU is Russia, who in 2016 exported 40 percent of all imports. Plans for a 746-mile gas pipeline from Russia to Germany in the Baltic Sea are set to go ahead. The Nord Stream 2 project has received critics from the US and EU over fears it will increase Europe’s reliance on gas imports from Russia.

Natural gas consumption in the European Union from 1998 to 2018

Consumption in billion cubic meters
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
Exclusive Premium statistic

You need a Premium Account for unlimited access.

  • Full access to 1m statistics

  • Incl. source references

  • Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format

Premium Account

only $59 / month *
*Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license

Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from

$708 / Year

Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Source

Release date

June 2019

Region

EU

Survey time period

1998 to 2018

Supplementary notes

According to the source, these data represent standard cubic meters (measured at 15°C and 1,013mbar) where possible. Since the figures were derived directly from tons of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Figures not in the PDF were taken from the BP Statistical Review of World Energy data workbook.

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.
This statistic is not included in your account!

Premium Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references

$59 / Month *

Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract.
   Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "European fossil fuel industry"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.