Labor force in China 2008-2018

After reaching a record high in 2014, China’s labor force shrank to around 775.86 million people in 2018. A country’s labor force is defined as the total number of employable people and incorporates both the employed and the unemployed population. The share of the population participating in the labor market in China also decreased over the past years, reaching about 69 percent in 2017.

Population challenges for China

The Chinese government’s one-child policy was in place for 20 years, until it was revoked in 2015. The controversial policy was intended to improve people’s living standards and optimize resource distribution through controlling the size of China’s expanding population. Nonetheless, the policy also had negative impacts on the labor market, pension system and other societal aspects. China is becoming an aging society. The increase of elderly people and lack of young people will become one of the biggest challenges for China in this century.

Employment in China

Despite the slowing down of the economy, China’s unemployment rate has sustained a relatively low rate. Complete production chains and a well-educated labor force make China’s labor market one of the most attractive in the world. Working conditions and salaries have also improved significantly over the past years. Due to China’s leading position in terms of talent in the technology industry, the country is now attracting investment from some of the world’s leading companies in the high-tech sector.

Labor force in China from 2008 to 2018

Labor force in millions
2018775.86
2017776.4
2016776.03
2015774.51
2014796.9
2013793
2012788.94
2011785.79
2010783.88
2009775.1
2008770.46
Loading statistic...
You need to log in to download this statistic
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Source

Release date

October 2019

Region

China

Survey time period

2008 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Note: Figures have been rounded.

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.

Premium Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references

$59 / Month *

Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract.
   Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Population in China"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.