France: public budget breakdown 2019, by area

This statistic shows the distribution of France public budget breakdown by spending area in 2019 in million euros. In 2019, the French government decided to spend roughly 72 billion euros for education, 44.3 billion euros for defense and 20.1 billion euros for security, yet the largest share of governmental spending in France was repaid back to the tax payers of France.

Since 2012, the tax revenue in France has been increasing, mostly because of the value-added tax (VAT). The revenue from VAT amounted to 157 billion euros in 2017, compared to 137 billion euros in 2012. It appears that the level of taxes in France is increasing for a few years now. On the other hand, the country keeps having a rather high debt level. In 2018, the public debt in France reached 96.8 percent of the GDP.

Distribution of the public budget in France in 2019, by spending area

Public expenditure in million euros
Tax repayments and abatement135,883
State's financial commitments42,471
Research and higher education28,147
Solidarity, readaptation and equal opportunities23,899
Territories' cohesion16,390
Work and employment12,451
Environment and sustainable development and mobilities12,166
Public finances and human resources management10,442
Pension and social plans6,284
Relations with local and regional authorities3,439
Agriculture, fishing, food, forests and rural affairs2,922
State's foreign action2,873
General and territorial state administration2,836
Public development aid3,078
Veterans, memory and links with the nation2,302
Government action supervision1,326
Immigration, asylum and integration1,688
Investments for the future1,050
Public authorities991
Sports, youth and voluntary sector990
State's council and control681
Media, book and culture industry579
Public action and transformation312
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Release date

February 2019



Survey time period


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Statistics on "Public spending in France"

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