U.S. General Motors employees - by type 2018

General Motors employed some 53,000 salaried workers in the United States in 2018. Overall, the company's headcount has dropped by roughly 2,000 people since 2016. Global employees of GM in 2018 stood at roughly 173,000.

Michigan, autos, and employment

Michigan is home to the “Big Three” traditional U.S. automakers: Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors. The latter two have the largest headcount of all companies based in Michigan. More than 40,000 workers in Michigan are employed in the automotive industry, tying the socio-economic well-being of the political entity strongly to the state of the automotive industry. As American motor companies restructured in the 1960s and 1970s to match global competition, unemployment rose sharply, particularly in “Motor City” Detroit, leading to insufficient tax revenue, abandoned houses, and increased crime rates. The population of Detroit fell from over 1.8 million inhabitants in 1950 to 672,700 in 2018. General Motors is expected to close several major North American facilities in 2019, including a major Detroit plant. However, research and development expenditure continues to grow as the company looks towards electrification and automation of vehicles, suggesting that the assembly of future models may spark reemployment.

Number of U.S. General Motors employees from FY 2014 to FY 2018, by type

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Release date

February 2019


United States

Survey time period

FY 2014 to FY 2018

Supplementary notes

As of December 31.
The figures for 2014 through 2017 were taken from previous editions.

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