Environmental quality in China - Statistics & Facts

Rapid industrial development and the dominance of economic growth in political considerations have taken their toll on the environment in China. Hazardous levels of water and air pollutants have become a daily phenomenon in the lives of the Chinese people. In addition, the country is frequently hit by natural disasters of various kinds. As of 2018, China ranked first among countries with the most natural disasters worldwide. Aftereffects of overexploitation and pollution not only become apparent in everyday lives, they also begin to have a serious impact on the economic situation of the country. In 2017, Hunan alone had reported a regional economic loss of over 58 billion yuan due to natural disasters caused by environmental pollution in China. Due to rising urgency, an industry has developed around environmental protection, attracting total investment of more than 0.9 trillion yuan in 2017.

Probably the most prominent of China’s environmental issues is the country’s air pollution. Industry waste gas emissions put a strain on man and nature alike. In 2016, carbon dioxide emission from fossil fuel and industrial purposes in China exceeded ten billion metric tons. Carbon dioxide emissions have been constantly rising in China, the growing emission led by soaring amount of new vehicle registration and others only complicate the matter. In order to reduce waste gas emissions, the government has introduced specific reduction targets in the 12th five year plan and the progess of which were subsequently reported and further planned in the 13th five year plan.

China’s water reserves used to suffer heavily from industrial pollution, but the result of the efforts of China to improve environmental quality seemed to finally start revealing itself. As of July 2019, over half of the surface water sampled across China was categorized as Grade III or above, which was almost drinkable quality.

Alongside the rising severity of environmental impacts, investments in order to treat environmental pollution have increased nearly three-fold in China over the decade leading up to 2017, reaching a total investment volume of more than 950 billion yuan.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 21 most important statistics relating to "Environmental quality in China".

Quality of environment in China

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Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Environmental quality in China" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Air

Water

Urban Environment

Investment

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